The Effects of Alcohol You Need to Know – For those of you who really like drinks, surely you often buy alcoholic beverages and drink them with your friends. Drinking alcohol once in a reasonable amount is not a problem. But if you often drink alcohol in large quantities and continuously, you can experience the harmful effects of alcohol on the body. The reason is, the effects of alcohol not only make you drunk or stagger, but also harm the body.
In addition to the well-known direct effects of a hangover from drinking too much — nausea and vomiting, for example — binge drinking and chronic drinking can affect you in a number of ways.
Effects of alcohol on the body
1. Causing dependence
The most obvious and common effect of alcohol is causing alcohol dependence or addiction. You will find it difficult to escape the bondage of alcoholism.
If you are addicted and try to reduce alcohol consumption, you will experience severe withdrawal symptoms (withdrawal syndrome). This is what can then make you go back to looking for and consuming alcohol.
2. Disrupt the sleep cycle
For a moment the effects of alcohol seem to help you sleep. But the fact is not so.
Alcohol actually disrupts the sleep cycle and keeps you from getting a good night’s sleep. You will also wake up frequently at night to urinate.
3. Shrink the brain
The effects of alcohol when drunk long term can affect the size and performance of the brain. Over time, alcohol can shrink your brain and interfere with your coordination, thinking, memory, and body temperature.
4. Impact on the central nervous system
The effects of alcohol will immediately be felt on the brain. The effect of this drink will go to your brain after 30 seconds you first sip it. Alcohol will slow down signals in the brain and affect mood and brain cells.
You will experience problems with memory, thinking, coordination, and speech. You will also feel numbness in your feet and hands. If it is severe, you can experience permanent damage to the brain.
5. Disturbing digestion
The effects of alcohol on digestion are unmitigated. Alcohol can damage the tissues in the digestive tract, inhibit the process of digesting food, and cause malnutrition or malnutrition.
Excessive alcohol consumption can have an impact on digestion in the form of bloating, diarrhea, and so on. Alcohol also has the potential to increase stomach acid and trigger a burning sensation in the chest (heartburn) and stomach ulcers.
Not only gastrointestinal disorders, you can also be more susceptible to oral cancer, esophageal cancer, or colon cancer if you consume alcohol in excess and for a long time.
Also Read : Recommendations for Low Alcohol Drinks
6. Causes problems in the reproductive system
Alcohol can wreak havoc on the hormones in your body and affect your reproductive system.
Men are more likely to experience problems with erections, decreased sperm count, and other reproductive problems. Meanwhile, women who consume alcohol in excess have the potential to experience menstrual cycle disorders and difficulty conceiving.
7. Trigger liver damage
Alcohol can actually poison the body, and the liver is the organ responsible for removing toxins from the body.
Excessive alcohol consumption can cause inflammation and disease in the liver. The reason, this organ is forced to work excessively.
In the end, the effects of alcohol on the liver can trigger cirrhosis or the formation of scar tissue in the liver. Cirrhosis will decrease your liver function.
8. Memory blackout
People who drink too much alcohol have the potential to experience memory blackouts. This condition occurs when you can only remember “half” of the activities that night. This is because your brain stops forming new memories once your blood alcohol reaches a certain level. Therefore, the more and more alcohol you drink, the more likely you are to experience memory blackouts.
Alcohol is a diuretic. Diuretic is a term used to refer to a condition, nature, or cause of an increase in the rate of urination. Something that contains a diuretic can increase the rate of urine formation. Well, this is what makes you urinate more often after consuming alcohol. If you urinate too often, your body will become dehydrated.
10. Stomach lining irritation
Alcohol can also irritate the lining of your stomach, causing vomiting, diarrhea, and an imbalance of electrolytes or minerals that our bodies need to function properly. If your body has an electrolyte imbalance, you will feel tired, nauseous, and cause muscle weakness and cramps.
After consuming alcoholic beverages, not a few people complain of headaches, especially if you consume them in excess. This condition is the effect of the ethanol content in alcoholic beverages.
Ethanol in alcohol can trigger vasodilation. Vasodilation enlarges blood vessels and stimulates nerves in the brain, which then triggers pain in the head.